History of EducationAdded In 15-03-2018
Today we will talk about the types of schools in Egypt and the stages of education through out history in a brief, but we will focus more on the types of schools in Egypt.
History of Education
Education in the ancient Egypt:
Education has spread in Egypt since ancient Egyptians who contributed to the invention of writing, they recorded the ancient Egyptian language in hieroglyphics
When Christianity entered Egypt in the year 60 AD, some of the features of education changed with the era. Schools were attached to churches instead of temples and theological school was established in Alexandria.
After the Islamic conquest of Egypt, the schools affiliated with the mosques appeared. The Mosque of Amr Ibn Al-Aas was the first center to hold voluntary seminars in Egypt during the Islamic era. Al-Azhar mosque was the first school in the regular institutes today, where the courses were held by the state and leased by scientists and teachers.
Muhammad Ali and Changing the Education System (Modern Age):
With the rule of Mohamed Ali Pasha ruled Egypt began to change the education system to be in the form of modern systems, the establishment of military schools and higher schools and schools and primary schools.
First Egyptian University:
In 1908, the first modern Egyptian university was opened, namely, the Egyptian University (now Cairo University), and then the establishment of universities throughout Egypt.
Stages and Types of Education
Mandatory education: It is from the primary stage to secondary school.
Secondary education: divided into several different degrees
* High school
* Secondary Azhari (This is special for Azhar schools)
* Technical education (industrial – commercial – agricultural – hotel – nursing)
* Private school certificates (American – Canadian – French – British -International)
Secondary School System (National):
It is the Egyptian government system that is qualified to enter Egyptian universities
Azharian certificate system:
It is the system to enter the Azhar universities
Technical Education System:
An industrial technician in which the students practice a different jobs and qualify them to work directly without the need to enter the university
(Commercial secondary school) where students learn accounting and some of the materials of the Faculty of Commerce
(Agricultural school) where students learn agriculture and some of the Faculty of Agriculture
(A secondary hotel school) where students learn everything about tourism and hotels
(Secondary Nursing school) This system is intended for girls to graduate nurses
Certification systems and private schools
International Baccalaureate (IB) is a limited international model international school that implements curricula of a special and international nature in Arabic and follows the general education sector.
Language schools: taught Most of government curricula in English, French or German and it added as a second foreign language or schools are taught in French as well as English as a second language.
British Schools: Dependent on the IG system – the International General Certificate of Secondary Education or the British General Certificate of Culture (IGCSE – International General Certificate of Secondary Education)
American Schools: High School American Diploma is accredited by SITA – International Accreditation Authority and across regions (CITA – Commission on International and Trans-Regional Accreditation) and students are apply for the SAT exam (SAT – Scholastic Aptitude Test or Scholastic Assessment Test). The student is evaluated according to the GPA system (GPA – Grade Point Average) which uses symbols (A, B, C, D, F) to be evaluated according to the points assigned to each code. The students’ exams are based on the College Board.
French schools is accredited by the French Education Agency (AEFE – Agence pour l’enseignement français à l’étranger)
Canadian schools: The Ontario Secondary School Diploma, the British Columbia Certificate of Graduation or the Nova Scotia High School Diploma (Nova Scotia High School Diploma) or the High School Diploma in Manitoba High School Diploma.
German Schools: German High School Certificate (Baccalaureate) (Abitur oder Zeugnis der Allgemeine Hochschulreife) in English (The German Secondary School Certificate)
Italian schools: A high school diploma is granted by Italian schools
Schools of Embassies and Consulates: Schools are established by foreign bodies. Education is restricted to non-Egyptians who are members of the foreign diplomatic and consular corps and other foreigners. The provisions of the ministerial decisions on private schools, including the Russian school, the Japanese school, and the Korean school are not applicable.
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Reference: Huffingtonpost , Wikipedia – UCAS – British Columbia – Quora – AEFE – College Board – College Readiness – WikiPedia – Cambridge International